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Rainbow

Zviri Mukati:

Murarabungu chiitiko chemaziso uye chemeteorological. Inogona kuonekwa mudenga, iyo inoratidzika sechimiro, inozivikanwa uye yakawanda-mavara arc. Muraraungu unogadzirwa nekuda kwekutsemuka kwechiedza chinooneka, ndiko kuti, kudzokororwa uye kuratidzwa kwemwaranzi yezuva mukati memadonhwe asingaverengeki emvura anoperekedza mvura nemhute, ane chimiro chakafanana nedenderedzwa. Chiitiko chekupatsanurwa kwechiedza pano mhedzisiro yeimwe, kureva kuparadzira, kupatsanurwa kwemwaranzi yechiedza, semugumisiro wekuti kune misiyano mumakona erefraction yeavelengths akasiyana echiedza chinopfuura kubva kumhepo kuenda kumvura uye kubva kumvura kuenda kumhepo.

Chiedza chinooneka chinotsanangurwa sechikamu che spectrum ye electromagnetic mwaranzi inonzwisiswa nekuona kwevanhu. Kuchinja kwemavara kune hukama newavelength. Chiedza chezuva chinopinda mumadonhwe emvura, uye mvura inoparadzira chiedza chichena mumativi ayo, masaisai ourefu hwakasiyana uye mavara. Ziso remunhu rinoona chiitiko ichi seyakawanda-mavara arch. Muraravungu unoratidzwa nekuenderera mberi kwemavara, asi munhu anosiyanisa mavara akati wandei mairi:

  • tsvuku - nguva dzose kunze kwearc
  • orange
  • yellow
  • green
  • bluu
  • indigo
  • yepepuru - nguva dzose mukati memuraraungu arc

Kazhinji tinoona muraraungu mumwe wekutanga mudenga, asi zvinoitika kuti isu tinogona zvakare kuona yechipiri uye mamwe miraraungu, pamwe neakasiyana-siyana optical phenomena anoperekedza. Murarabungu unogara uchiita pamberi pezuva.

Rainbow mutsika, chitendero uye ngano

Murarabungu wakaonekwa mutsika dzepasirese kubva panguva dzekutanga dzekutumira nemuromo. Mune ngano dzechiGiriki, inofananidzira nzira iyo Iris, iyo yechikadzi vhezheni yeHermes, yakafamba, ichiyambuka pakati pePasi neDenga.

Ngano dzeChinese dzinotiudza nezvechiitiko chemurarabungu sedimikira rekutsemuka kwedenga, rakavharwa nemurwi wematombo ane mavara mashanu kana manomwe.

Mungano dzechiHindu, murarabungu  akadana Indradhanushha izvozvo  zvinoreva Uta hwaIndra , mwari wemheni. Maererano nengano dzeScandinavia, murarabungu rudzi rwe zambuko rine mavara rinobatanidza nyika yevamwari nenyika yevanhu .

mwari weIrish  Ieprehaun  akavanza goridhe muhari uye muhari pamagumo emuraraungu, ndiko kuti, munzvimbo isingasviki zvachose kuvanhu, nokuti, sekuziva kwevanhu vose, muraraungu haupo mune imwe nzvimbo, uye chiitiko chemuraraungu chinoenderana. kubva pakuona.

Chiratidzo chemurarabungu muBhaibheri

Muraravungu sechiratidzo chesungano - mufananidzo

Chibayiro chaNowa (circa 1803) naJoseph Anton Koch. Noa anovaka atari pashure peMafashamo; Mwari anotumira murarabungu sechiratidzo chesungano yake.

Chiitiko chemurarabungu chinowanikwawo muBhaibheri. Mutestamende yekare murarabungu unofananidzira sungano pakati pemunhu naMwari. Ichi ndicho chipikirwa chakapiwa naMwari - Jehovha Noa. Vimbiso inotaura izvozvo Nyika yakakura hazviiti mafashamo haangarove   - mafashamo. Kufananidzira kwomuraraungu kwakapfuuridzirwa muchiJudha neboka rainzi Bnei Noah, vane mitezo inosakurira zita ratateguru wavo Noa. Iyi sangano inooneka zvakajeka muTalmud yemazuva ano. Murarabungu unoonekwawo mu "  Uchenjeri hwaSirach " , bhuku reTestamende Yekare, umo uku kuri kumwe kwokuratidzirwa kwechisiko kunoda kunamatwa kwaMwari. Murarabungu unoonekwawo muTestamente Itsva muna Zvakazarurwa zvaJohane Musande, zvichienzaniswa neemerald uye kuonekwa pamusoro pemusoro wengirozi.

Rainbow sechiratidzo che LGBT kufamba

Rainbow flag - chiratidzo chelgbtMureza wemuraraungu une ruvara wakagadzirwa nemuimbi wekuAmerica Gilbert Baker muna 1978. Baker aive ngochani akatamira kuSan Francisco ndokusangana naHarvey Milk, murume wekutanga ngochani kusarudzwa kuita kanzuru yeguta. Uye mufananidzo waMireki pachake, uye murarabungu mureza vave zviratidzo zvepasi rose LGBT nharaunda. Zvakaitika kuma1990. Nyaya yemukuru wengochani yekutanga kuratidza murarabungu une mavara akasiyana-siyana inogona kuonekwa mufirimu rakahwina Oscar raGus van Santa naSean Penn.

Kusarudzwa kwemurarabungu sechiratidzo chenharaunda yose inokonzerwa neyo multicolor, seti yemavara, inomiririra kusiyanisa kwe LGBT nharaunda (ona Zvimwe LGBT zviratidzo ) Huwandu hwemavara hahuenderani nekupatsanurwa kwemurarabungu unozivikanwa ipapo, sezvo uine mavara matanhatu, akasarudzwa zvakanyanya kupfuura zvepfungwa. Panguva imwecheteyo, mureza wemuraraungu wave chiratidzo chekushivirira munharaunda uye kuenzana kwengochani, ngochani, bisexual uye transgender vanhu.

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