Native American zviratidzo, pictograms uye petroglyphs

Nenyika wakatara mutsetse wakarurama; 
nekuti uta huri kudenga kumusoro kwaro; 
Nzvimbo yakachena pakati pezuva 
izere nenyeredzi dzeusiku; 
Kuruboshwe ndiko kunobuda zuva, 
kurudyi ndiko panovira zuva, 
pamusoro pacho panenge paine masikati, 
pamwe chete nemvura uye mamiriro okunze ane makore 
Mitsetse yewavy ichidzika kubva paari.
Of  "Nziyo dzeHiawatha"  Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

Pakasvika vaongorori vekuEurope muAmerica, maIndia ekuAmerica haana kutaurirana kuburikidza nemutauro wakanyorwa sezvatinouziva. Pane kudaro, vaitaura nyaya (nyaya dzemuromo) uye vakagadzira mifananidzo nezviratidzo. Rudzi urwu rwekutaurirana haruna kungoita chete  zvizvarwa zveAmerica kubva kare kusati kwatanga kunyora, vanhu pasi rose vakanyora zviitiko, mazano, zvirongwa, mamepu uye manzwiro kuburikidza nekudhirowa mifananidzo nezviratidzo pamatombo, matehwe uye mamwe maitiro.

Nhoroondo dzemifananidzo yeizwi kana mutsara zvakawanikwa makore 3000 BC asati asvika. Izvi zviratidzo, zvinonzi pictograms, zvinogadzirwa nekupenda pamatombo ane mavara echisikigo. Aya mavara echisikigo aisanganisira iron oxides inowanikwa muhematite kana limonite, ivhu jena kana yeyero, pamwe nematombo akapfava, marasha, uye zvicherwa zvemhangura. Aya mavara echisikigo akasanganiswa kugadzira palette yeyero, chena, tsvuku, girini, dema uye bhuruu. Historic pictograms inowanzo wanikwa pasi pematanho ekudzivirira kana mumapako maaive akachengeterwa kubva kumamiriro ekunze.

Paviotso Payute achigadzira petroglyphs naEdward S. Curtis, 1924.

Paviotso Payute anogadzira petroglyphs naEdward S. Curtis, 1924.

Imwe nzira yekukurukurirana yakafanana, inonzi petroglyphs, yakavezwa, yakavezwa, kana kuti inopfekwa mumatombo. Tambo iyi inogona kunge yakaita mubobo unooneka padombo, kana kuti ingave yakacheka zvakadzika zvakakwana kuti ibudise pachena zvinhu zvisina kuomerwa zverumwe ruvara pasi.

Native American zviratidzo zvaive-sezwi uye kazhinji zvaive netsanangudzo imwe kana kupfuura uye / kana zvine zvirevo zvakasiyana. Zvichisiyana kubva kurudzi nedzinza, dzimwe nguva zvakaoma kunzwisisa zvazvinoreva, nepo zvimwe zviratidzo zvakajeka. Nekuda kwekuti Indian marudzi kutaura mitauro yakawanda, zviratidzo kana "kudhirowa mifananidzo" yaiwanzo shandiswa kuburitsa mazwi nemazano. Zviratidzo zvaishandiswawo kushongedza dzimba, zvaipendwa pamatehwe enyati uye zvainyora zviitiko zvinokosha zvedzinza racho.

Petroglyphs muPetrified Sango reArizona, yakagadzirwa neNational Park Service.

Petroglyphs muPetrified Sango reArizona, yakagadzirwa neNational Park Service.

Iyi mifananidzo uchapupu hunokosha hwekutaura kwetsika uye ine zvakakosha zvemweya kune maNative America emazuva ano uye vazukuru vevaSpanish vekutanga.

Kusvika kwevaSpain kumaodzanyemba kwakadziva kumadokero muna 1540 kwakave nemigumisiro inoshamisa pamararamiro evanhu vePueblo. Muna 1680, madzinza ePueblo akapandukira hutongi hweSpain uye akadzinga vagari venzvimbo iyi kudzokera kuEl Paso.  Texas ... Muna 1692 vaSpain vakatamira kunharaunda yacho  Albuquerque ,  mamiriro eNew mexico  ... Somuuyo wokudzoka kwavo, pakanga pane pesvedzero itsva yorudzidziso rweKaturike, iyo yakaodza mwoyo kubatanidzwa.  Puebloans mumizhinji yemitambo yavo yechivanhu. Nekuda kweizvozvo, mazhinji emaitiro aya akaenda pasi pevhu uye yakawanda yemufananidzo wePuebloan yakaramba.

Paive nezvikonzero zvakawanda zvekusikwa kwepetroglyphs, mazhinji ayo asina kunyatsojeka kunzanga yemazuva ano. Petroglyphs inopfuura "rock art", kudhirowa mifananidzo kana kutevedzera zvakasikwa. Havafanirwe kuvhiringika ne hieroglyphs, izvo zviratidzo zvinoshandiswa kumiririra mazwi, uye hazvifanirwe kufungidzirwa sekare Indian graffiti. Petroglyphs zviratidzo zvine simba zvetsika zvinoratidza nzanga dzakaoma uye zvitendero zvemarudzi akapoteredza.

Indian zviratidzo, totems

Native American Symbols, Totems Uye Zvazvinoreva - Digitally Dhawunirodha

Mamiriro emufananidzo wega wega akakosha zvakanyanya uye chikamu chakakosha chezvinoreva. Vanhu vemazuva ano vanotaura kuti kuiswa kwemufananidzo wega wega wepetroglyph kwaisava sarudzo yakangoerekana yaitika. Mamwe mapetroglyphs ane zvaanoreva zvinozivikanwa chete kune avo vakaasika. Vamwe vanomiririra zviratidzo zvedzinza, dzinza, kiwa, kana nzanga. Mamwe acho masangano ezvitendero, nepo mamwe anoratidza kuti ndiani akauya kunzvimbo yacho uye kwavakaenda. Petroglyphs ichiri nechirevo chemazuva ano, nepo zvinoreva zvevamwe hazvisati zvazivikanwa, asi zvinoremekedzwa nokuda kwe "avo vaiva kare."

Kune zviuru zvepictograms uye petroglyphs muUnited States yose, ine huwandu hukuru muAmerican Southwest. Kupfuura chero chinhu chipi zvacho iPetroglyph National Monument muNew Mexico. Vanochera matongo vanofungidzira kuti saiti iyi inogona kunge iine anopfuura 25000 petroglyphs pamakiromita gumi nematanhatu. Chikamu chidiki chepetroglyphs chakawanikwa mupaki zuva kubva panguva yePuebloan, pamwe sekutanga 17 BC. Mimwe mifananidzo inotangira nguva dzenhoroondo kutanga kuma2000s, ine petroglyphs yakavezwa nevatangi veSpanish vekutanga. Inofungidzirwa kuti 1700% yezviyeuchidzo zvepetroglyphs zvakagadzirwa nemadzitateguru evanhu vemazuva ano vePueblo. MaPuebloans akange agara muRio Grande Valley kunyange AD 90 asati asvika, asi kuwedzera kwehuwandu makore akapoteredza AD 500 kwakatungamirira kumisha mitsva yakawanda.

Arow kudzivirira
Arow Kungwarira
Mushure membira Zuva
Bear Simba
Bear paw Homoni yakanaka
Gomo guru Kuwanda kukuru
Bird Kusava nehanya, kusava nehanya
Museve wakaputsika nyika
Yakaputsika muchinjikwa denderedzwa Mwaka ina inotenderera
Hama Kubatana, kuenzana, kuvimbika
Roga Buivola Kubudirira
Denga inyati Hutsvene, kuremekedza upenyu
Butterfly Hupenyu husingafi
Cactus Chiratidzo chegwenga
Coyote uye coyote tsoka Trickster
Akayambuka miseve Ushamwari
Mazuva-Husiku Nguva iri kufamba
Mushure memhembwe Tambai muzhinji
Uta nemuseve wakadhonzwa Kuvhima
Dryer Nyama yakawanda
Eagle Rusununguko
Manhenga egondo Chief
Icho chinongedzo Madhanzi emhemberero
Kupera kwenzira Rugare, kupera kwehondo
Ziso rakaipa Ichi chiratidzo chinodzivirira kubva pakutukwa kweziso rakaipa.
Tarisana nemiseve Kuratidzwa kwemweya yakaipa
Makore mana Hucheche, Vechidiki, Pakati, Kukwegura
Gecko Chiratidzo chegwenga
Poisontooth monster Nguva yekurota
Mweya Mukuru Mweya Mukuru ipfungwa yesimba remweya repasi rose kana munhu wepamusoro anotonga pakati pemarudzi mazhinji eNative America.
Chipfeko chemusoro Mhemberero
Hogan Permanent home
Horse kushanya
Kokopelli Flutist, Kubereka
chiedza Simba, Speed
Mheni Swiftness
mukomana Upenyu
Ziso ren'anga Wisdom
Nyeredzi dzemangwanani Management
makomo Destination
Track Akayambuka
Runyararo nyembe Mhemberero, inoera
Rain Goho rakawanda
Makore emvura Maonero akanaka
Rattlesnake shaya Simba
Saddle bag kushanya
Skyband Kutungamira kune mufaro
Nyoka Kusateerera
Duva renhanga Kubereka
солнце Mufaro
Zuva ruva Kubereka
Zuva mwari mask Mwari weZuva mweya une simba pakati pemarudzi mazhinji echiIndia.
Mazuva ezuva Nguva dzose
Swastika Makona mana enyika, kubudirira
Tipi Imba yenguva pfupi
Thunderbird Unlimited Mufaro, Raincaller
Thunderbird track Bright avenue
Mvura inoshanda Upenyu husingagumi
Simba reWolf Rusununguko, kubudirira
Zuni Bear Hutano hwakanaka

Uri kuongorora: Native American Symbols

Hey

MaIndia ekuAmerica vaive vanhu vemweya zvakanyanya ...

Wolf uye Wolf Tracks

Chirevo chechiratidzo chetsoka yemhumhi. Zvinorehwa nechiratidzo chenzira ...

Winter Symbol

Zvinorehwa nechiratidzo cheskweya zvakangofanana ...

Sikweya chiratidzo

Zvinorehwa nechiratidzo cheskweya zvakangofanana ...

Chirimo neChirimo Symbols

Kutenderera kwechisikigo, kutonhora uye kudziya mwaka wechando nezhizha, ...

Spider

Chiratidzo chemhungu chaishandiswa zvakanyanya muMississippi ...

Nyanga Dzvuku

Iyo Red Nyanga yakashandiswa zvakanyanya mutsika ...

Raccoon

Chiratidzo cheraccoon chaitorwa semashiripiti icon nekuti ...

Owl Symbol

Choctaw Owl Ngano: Chimwari cheChoctaw chaitendwa kuve ...

Life Symbol

Chiratidzo cheHupenyu muMunhu muLabyrinth. Mucherechedzo...